Monday, 24 August 2015

Hairtypes and what it means for care and upkeep

"Hair typing" is made up of numbers and letters. The most common system is Fia's hair typing system, which was made up back when the internet was young.
Of course that's all weird and funny, but the information is actually quite useful. If you know the system, you can tell a lot of the beneficial hair care for the owner.

It looks something like this: 1BCiii
(My type)

Straightness/curliness
The first part of the typing, is a number and a letter.
The number goes 1-4 and describes how overall straight or curly your natural hair is.
1: Straight
2: Wavy
3: Curly
4: Coiled/kinky

The number that follows: A,B and C (Except for type 4) narrows the straightness or wave down a bit more. 
But that one is less important.

What gives hair its wave or lack thereof, is literally its shape in cross section.
Straight hair is perfectly round and the higher you go up in the curly spectrum, the more oval/flatter the cross section will be.


What can you do with this information?
It tells us that straight hair has less surface to the volume, which if we go for basic math and physics, tells us that this is the strongest shape.
But it also tells us that it will be easier to introduce beneficial treatments into the curlier types, where the is shorter to the inner cortex.
This also means that moisture will evaporate easier from curly types, because it has more surface to the volume.

In short:
Straighter types are stronger, but more difficult to deep condition.
Curlier types are easier to deep condition, but needs more moisture.

Structure
The second letter in the type, is either F, M or C.
F: Fine hair
M: Medium hair
C: Coarse hair

This is a simplified cross-section of a hair:


Coarse hair type has an extra layer in its structure.

This gives coarse hair a very distinct feature:
It makes noise when you roll it between your fingers. A sort of "crunchy" noise.
Do no mistake this for damage!
Those with coarse hair might also have coarse eyebrows and body hair.
The extra layer makes it difficult for treatments to penetrate deeper into the hair. Those with coarse hair can be very sensitive to build up because the ingredients just attaches to the cuticles instead of penetrating.
Especially oil and proteins can be troublesome for those with coarse hair.

There is no structural difference between fine and medium hair, but fine hair can be extremely fine. There are those who say they can barely see their individual hairs due to how fine they are. Of course this tells us that such fine hair can't take a lot of abuse.
Those with fine hair often dislike cones because it weighs their hair down.

In short:
Fine hair often dislikes cones.
Coarse hair often dislikes proteins and oil, deep treatments are often pointless.

The volume
This doesn't mean volume as in the total volume of your hairs, but rather how many much volume you have with the individual hairs on your head. Those with fine hair doesn't necessarily have little volume and those with coarse hair doesn't necessarily have a lot of volume.

The overall volume of hair is measured like this:

i: Less than 2 inches/5 centimeters circumference
ii: Between 2-4 inches or 5-10 centimeters circumference
iii: More than 4 inches/10 centimeters circumference
When the hair is compressed as tightly as possible.

Usually this only gives a hint of when you can do certain updos:

For instance with the classic cinnamon bun, those with i-type can do it around BSL length where those with iii-type have to wait until around hip length.
Because the hair has to go around itself, having thick hair means you have to grow thick hair longer than thin to get a updo to work.

The thickness or volume also have an ability to amplify the effects of the straightness and structure. For instance, having very curly and thin hair will make your hair even more sensitive to damage because you have less hairs that can take the damage. But if you have thin hairs and a lot of them, you probably wont be as concerned with damage because you have lots of hairs anyways.

In short:
Hair with less volume can amplify hair that requires more care
Hair with more volume can make your hair less sensitive to damage
But in the end, the only real difference is how much length you need to make a certain updo

7 comments:

  1. Dear Lady Igor,
    Thank you so much for your useful light on Fia's hair typing system... BTW I have a question for you; is it normal to have not one but two different hairtypes on the same head?

    I don't know if it's because I have thyroid issues, but since a teenager I have both fine-medium wavy hair AND coarse curly hair (behind the ears and nape of neck). Pretty hard to manage and because of the frizz and breakage -when my mane was mid-back length- this curly hair barely brushed my shoulders! Guess the hairdressers were kinda perplex about this...

    I only found one person like me on the Internet (doctissimo site) but did'nt learn anything about handling and care.
    Have you ever read/met another longhaired sharing the same condition?

    Thank you very much in advance,

    Cheers from France!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Charlaine :)
      Really happy to hear you found it useful :) After you posted your question about oils on coarse hair, I had the thought that I really needed a "And what can you use it for?"-kind of post on the hairtyping system. So thank you for your comment!
      I think most people have some differences in hair types on their scalp, but not as extreme as you describe! I can remember reading about lots of people with differences in curliness or structure, but not in both at the same time =/
      I don't think its a thyroid issue, since thyroid issues seems to cause thinning and "fining" in hair? But then again, I'm really not a doctor. Have you ever had it checked? It sounds suspicious that the texture changes occurred at your teenage years. It's a time where you have a lot of physiological and hormonal changes in your body!
      I can't help but wonder if it's an issue with copper. As far as I remember, lack of copper can cause "weirdness" in hair texture. Ever had a blood test done on that?
      But seriously, I'm scratching my head at how to manage such a diverse head of hair. The beneficial care for each hair type is pretty much at each its own side of the spectrum! I guess I would try to just give it lots of moisture and then weigh it down with lots of cones to make it appear more uniform, haha.

      Delete
    2. Wow, thank you very much Ida for your kind and prompt answer!

      As you said it, this strong difference between hair types on my scalp is kinda surprizing, all the more as this kinky hair behind my ears has the same needs as African hair! Very prone to breaking and "drinks" the oils a lot, while the other hair tends to suffocate beyond a few drops' oil.

      What really strikes me is that, until puberty, my hair was very fine, very blonde and stick straight. It then became a Hermione-ish thick mass of "leverpostej" curls, waves and tangles. At about 20, my mane was TBL and I could make a braid that would fit in a Bollywood movie.
      About the thyroid -you're right again- when I got my first crisis six years ago, I lost half my thickness... Still struggling with that, although I keep it medicated and controlled, I still have ups-and-downs and lose my hair a lot. Very distressing, as I am a lot careful about my diet and exercise.

      I should definitely ask for a blood test about copper, although I never had any issue other than endocrine... Thank you again for your useful advice.

      Considering joining UTT ;)

      Delete
    3. Really happy that my answer was useful to you :) I really hope you can get some qualified help from a doctor or expert on this! Having differences in hair type is annoying enough, but thyroid issues come with lots of other issues as well =/

      Delete
  2. Great post, I'd always wondered what the type numbers represented and this is a superb explanation.
    Perhaps you should link it on the sidebar as it's too useful to just let it slide into blog oblivion?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. That's a good idea. I just did that :) I never know for sure what is "worthy" of an article

      Delete
  3. nice blog
    great information.
    Aesthetics Course is an integral part of Cosmetology and is a blooming industry in Beauty and Wellness Industry.
    At VLCC Institute, aspiring Cosmetologist can enroll into different Aesthetic Courses as per their requirements.

    ReplyDelete